Archive for the ‘ Sunspots ’ Category

Solar Physicists finally get the message: Landscheidt was right after all Posted: June 14, 2011 by tallbloke in Astrophysics, climate, Solar physics, solar system dynamics After years of pooh poohing Theodor Landscheidt’s methods, work and predictions, mainstream solar physics has made an announcement of the strong possibility of a protracted solar minimum with consequences for Earth’s climate. At a workshop in New Mexico today, the AAS brought the work of Livingstone and Penn into the spotlight and

Source: Solar Physicists finally get the message: Landscheidt was right after all | Tallbloke’s Talkshop

Carl Smith in 2007 using JPL data and his own programming skills plotted the Angular Momentum of the Sun. This graph I believe is the Rosetta stone of solar science.

Carl’s original graph did not have the green arrows, but instead he displayed red arrows when the curve reached zero. (both Carl & Landscheidt concentrated on the negative angular momentum as the graph goes through zero). Link to Carl’s original article HERE.. The solar disturbances occurring at the green arrows is a new discovery quite different to the Landscheidt theory. Carbon 14 graph from Wiki showing correlation with Carl’s graph. Green squares corresponding with the green arrows.Carl’s Graph was produced in 2007. Around 12 months later I stumbled on his graph while doing some ENSO research and noticed the “camel shaped humps” at the green arrows (green arrows added later), this is the point of divergence and the beginning of my research.The humps or disturbance to the normal pattern also looked to line up very accurately with prior slowdowns of the Sun for the last 400 years. I later discovered this to be true for the last 6000 years. By studying the shape of the hump and measuring the Saturn angle we can now also quantify the severity of the solar downturn which lines up with the 11000 yr 14C (solar proxy) records in timing and strength, I call these humps the AMP event which stands for Angular Momentum Perturbation. Further research established another correlation, I checked the planetary position at the point of disturbance and noticed a recurring pattern. Every time there is a disturbance on Carl’s graph we have the same planetary position. This position is Neptune, Uranus and Jupiter together with Saturn opposing, this only happens on a cycle around 172 years average, which now laid the foundation for solar modulation planning. In addition it also became obvious that Angular Momentum (AM) was responsible for the strength of the solar cycle, the AM curve very closely matches the sunspot curve which now allows us easily to predict modulation strength for the next 200 years and more. The AM graphs serve as a marker and AM is not a driver in itself, the background forces are gravity, rotation, torque and velocity. There is one fact that cannot be argued against, the position of the planets as just described radically changes the path of the Sun around the Solar System Barycenter (SSB), this also coincides with all solar slowdowns. Only this planetary position can cause this radical path change.The oncoming Grand Minimum will prove Carl’s graph is the key to solar activity, which will radically change the solar scientific arena. It will take time for Angular Momentum Theory (AMT) to take hold, but the house of cards of the last 50 years of solar science will eventually crumble, showing us all how little we really know.Below is a new version of Carl’s graph that uses different data that slightly enhances the AMP events at the green arrows. Click on the image for a full size view.Be sure to visit our sister site that has more new research in the Planetary Realm along with a full archive of Dr. Landscheidt’s & Carl Smith’s work http://landscheidt.wordpress.com/Dont forget to vote on “who’s name should be on the next grand minimum” in the poll link at the top.___________________________________________________________________________________________________Addition Keystone graphs produced after paper publication:solar powerwave3 prongs grand minima 18 comments

Source: Beyond Landscheidt…. | Planetary Theory Moves to the Next Level

Carl Smith Provides the Rosetta Stone of Solar Science?

Carl is no longer with us, but he has certainly left us with a legacy. Back in 1965 Paul Jose was one of the first to link solar modulation with planetary movements. He discovered that the planets roughly returned to the same position every 178.8 years (My research suggests 172 yrs). Jose’s paper included a very rough solar radius graph which showed some modulation but was difficult to draw from. Later Theodor Landscheidt wrote many papers using a similar principle but mainly relied on solar torque graphs which ranged over long time periods. Theodor also focused on the zero crossings  or when the Sun returns to the centre of the solar system, which in my opinion is not the crucial stage but happens close to grand minima. Landscheidt predicted a Grand Minimum to start at 1990, peak around 2030 (the latter 2030 might be late, if the current trend continues) and extend out to 2070…Those dates are derived from the zero crossing method which incorporates an extreme in solar torque measurements.

Then Carl Smith in 2007 using JPL data and his own programming skills plotted the Angular Momentum of the Sun. This graph I believe is the Rosetta stone of solar science.

Carl’s original graph did not have the green arrows, but instead he displayed red arrows when the curve reached zero. (both Carl & Landscheidt concentrated on the negative angular momentum as the graph goes through zero). Link to Carl’s original article HERE.. The solar disturbances occurring at the green arrows is a new discovery quite different to the Landscheidt theory.

Carbon 14 graph from Wiki showing correlation with Carl’s graph. Green squares corresponding with the green arrows.

Carl’s Graph was produced in 2007. Around 12 months later I stumbled on his graph while doing some ENSO research and noticed the “camel shaped humps” at the green arrows (green arrows added later), this is the point of divergence and the beginning of my research.

The humps or disturbance to the normal pattern also looked to line up very accurately with prior slowdowns of the Sun for the last 400 years. I later discovered this to be true for the last 6000 years. By studying the shape of the hump and measuring the Saturn angle we can now also quantify the severity of the solar downturn which lines up with the 11000 yr 14C (solar proxy) records in timing and strength, I call these humps the AMP event which stands for Angular Momentum Perturbation. Further research established another correlation, I checked the planetary position at the point of disturbance and noticed a recurring pattern. Every time there is a disturbance on Carl’s graph we have the same planetary position. This position is Neptune, Uranus and Jupiter together with Saturn opposing, this only happens on a cycle around 172 years average, which now laid the foundation for solar modulation planning. In addition it also became obvious that Angular Momentum (AM) was responsible for the strength of the solar cycle, the AM curve very closely matches the sunspot curve which now allows us easily to predict modulation strength for the next 200 years and more. The AM graphs serve as a marker and AM is not a driver in itself, the background forces are gravity, rotation, torque and velocity. There is one fact that cannot be argued against, the position of the planets as just described radically changes the path of the Sun around the Solar System Barycenter (SSB), this also coincides with all solar slowdowns. Only this planetary position can cause this radical path change.

The oncoming Grand Minimum will prove Carl’s graph is the key to solar activity, which will radically change the solar scientific arena. It will take time for Angular Momentum Theory (AMT) to take hold, but the house of cards of the last 50 years of solar science will eventually crumble, showing us all how little we really know.

Below is a new version of Carl’s graph that uses different data that slightly enhances the AMP events at the green arrows. Click on the image for a full size view.

Be sure to visit our sister site that has more new research in the Planetary Realm along with a full archive of Dr. Landscheidt’s & Carl Smith’s work  http://landscheidt.wordpress.com/

Dont forget to vote on “who’s name should be on the next grand minimum” in the poll link at the top.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Addition Keystone graphs produced after paper publication:

solar powerwave

3 prongs grand minima

Source: Beyond Landscheidt…. | Planetary Theory Moves to the Next Level

Holy Crap! Global cooling is coming.

If you have no Idea what this means start with Landscheidt cycles…..

Beyond Landscheidt…. | Planetary Theory Moves to the Next …

www.landscheidt.info/
Jul 23, 2009 – Landscheidt predicted a Grand Minimum to start at 1990, peak … Momentum (AM) was responsible for the strength of the solar cycle, the AM …

A Cycles Based Approach to Understanding Solar Activity & Climate.

Scientists clarify the recent confusion

The global warming “hiatus,” a controversy that spawned congressional hearings and thousands of skeptical blog posts before being curbed last year, is back.

The “hiatus” refers to the observation that global warming has slowed in the past 15 years. The planet is still warming, but just not as quickly as some climate scientists expected it to.

The debate between researchers and doubters reached a crescendo last summer, when scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration updated their temperature records and concluded that global warming has not slowed down in the 2000s (ClimateWire, June 5, 2015).

Now, a group of prominent climate scientists are challenging NOAA’s conclusion in a commentary published this week in Nature Climate Change.

This graph shows a “slowdown” in rising temperatures until 2010. The black line shows temperatures as predicted by climate models, and the red line shows actual temperatures. Warming has recently increased, breaking historical records in 2014 and 2015.
Nature Climate Change, February 24, 2016 doi:10.1038/nclimate2938

“The interpretation [the NOAA group] made was not valid,” said John Fyfe, a climate scientist at Environment and Climate Change Canada and lead author of the commentary. “The slowdown is there, even in this new updated data set.”

The disagreement may seem esoteric, but it underpins the biggest climate disagreement of the past decades. Climate models, which are virtual representations of our planet, project that temperatures were much higher in the early 2000s than was the case in reality. Scientists have been trying to understand why.

Suggestions abound, from cooling aerosols spewed by volcanic eruptions to natural shifts in the Pacific Ocean that happen every decade.

Meanwhile, skeptics have seized on the mismatch to suggest that global warming stopped in 1998. Almost all scientists disagree with this. But there are questions about the rate of warming. Most recently, the NOAA study suggested that rising temperatures never even slowed.

Not worried about fueling skepticism

The NOAA study’s release last summer coincided with a science meeting in Colorado where scientists were discussing how to engineer models to accurately predict climate changes in the coming decades on a regional scale. To do so, they would first have to figure out why models had not projected the global warming slowdown.

With the NOAA study’s release, there was this perception that, “Oh, there’s been no slowdown in warming,” said Gerald Meehl, a climate scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research and a co-author of the new commentary.

The scientists decided to counter the narrative in the boxing ring of academia. That is, a science journal.

It is possible that the scientific disagreement could spill over into the skeptic blogosphere. But that is not reason enough to sweep the slowdown under the rug, said Michael Mann, a climatologist at Pennsylvania State University and a co-author.

“As scientists, we must go where the evidence takes us, we can’t allow our worries about climate contrarians and how they might seek to misrepresent our work to dictate what we do and do not publish,” he said.

The blowback against the NOAA study has been some time coming. Tom Karl, lead author of the NOAA study and director of NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information, and his colleagues compared warming over the past 15 years with the long-term temperature trend between 1950 and 1998 (a 48-year stretch).

But scientists say Karl’s comparison of a 15-year stretch with a 48-year stretch was somewhat arbitrary. It is meant to answer the question, has global warming stopped in the long run? The answer to that is a resounding “no,” they say.

Scientists are more interested in explaining fluctuations in global temperatures over 10- and 20-year stretches. Throughout Earth’s history, global temperatures have risen and fallen in step with natural fluctuations in the climate system that scientists are only just beginning to unravel.

Karl said that understanding this decadeslong variability is important, and his study had dealt with the long-term trend.

“There is no disagreement that there is decadal variability, and that it is real and needs to be better understood,” he said, referring to natural causes of warming.

Models ‘not perfect’

One decadal variability played out recently, when warming slowed to 0.11 degrees Celsius per decade between 2001 and 2010. The rate was 0.17 C per decade in the 15 years prior, Fyfe said.

Fyfe and his colleagues think the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), a natural variance in the climate system that switches between positive, neutral and negative phases, explains the recent slowdown.

When ocean temperatures in the tropical Pacific are warmer than usual—a positive PDO—the globe sizzles, Meehl of NCAR said.

And when the PDO flips to negative and the Pacific cools, global warming slows. The PDO was negative during the early-2000s, and this may explain the slowdown, Meehl said.

The only time the PDO was neutral in recent history was between 1971 and 2000, Fyfe said. In that case, the temperature record reflects the response to human-caused climate change, he said.

“This is the background trend that you would want to compare recent trends against,” he said.

There are other explanations for the slowdown and also for why climate models did not project it. It is possible that the world is not as sensitive to greenhouse gases as the models assume or factors that cool the planet are playing a bigger role than expected, Fyfe said.

“These models are not perfect, and they might be overly sensitive,” he said.

Answering these fundamental science questions should take precedence over worries about skeptics, Mann of Penn State said. Moreover, the slowdown is over. Record warmth occurred in 2014 and 2015.

“So we have every reason to believe that the warming of the planet and the detrimental impacts of that warming will continue unabated if we do not dramatically reduce our emissions,” Mann said.

Read More: Global Warming “Hiatus” Debate Flares Up Again

Reprinted from Climatewire with permission from Environment & Energy Publishing, LLC. www.eenews.net, 202-628-6500

Source: Did Global Warming Slow Down in the 2000s, or Not? – Scientific American

A new model of the Sun’s solar cycle is producing unprecedentedly accurate predictions of irregularities within the Sun’s 11-year heartbeat. The model draws on dynamo effects in two layers of the Sun, one close to the surface and one deep within its convection zone. Predictions from the model suggest that solar activity will fall by 60 per cent during the 2030s to conditions last seen during the ‘mini ice age’ that began in 1645.

Results will be presented today by Prof Valentina Zharkova at the National Astronomy Meeting in Llandudno.

It is 172 years since a scientist first spotted that the Sun’s activity varies over a cycle lasting around 10 to 12 years. But every cycle is a little different and none of the models of causes to date have fully explained fluctuations. Many solar physicists have put the cause of the solar cycle down to a dynamo caused by convecting fluid deep within the Sun. Now, Zharkova and her colleagues have found that adding a second dynamo, close to the surface, completes the picture with surprising accuracy.

“We found magnetic wave components appearing in pairs, originating in two different layers in the Sun’s interior. They both have a frequency of approximately 11 years, although this frequency is slightly different, and they are offset in time. Over the cycle, the waves fluctuate between the northern and southern hemispheres of the Sun. Combining both waves together and comparing to real data for the current solar cycle, we found that our predictions showed an accuracy of 97%,” said Zharkova.

Zharkova and her colleagues derived their model using a technique called ‘principal component analysis’ of the magnetic field observations from the Wilcox Solar Observatory in California. They examined three solar cycles-worth of magnetic field activity, covering the period from 1976-2008. In addition, they compared their predictions to average sunspot numbers, another strong marker of solar activity. All the predictions and observations were closely matched.

Looking ahead to the next solar cycles, the model predicts that the pair of waves become increasingly offset during Cycle 25, which peaks in 2022. During Cycle 26, which covers the decade from 2030-2040, the two waves will become exactly out of synch and this will cause a significant reduction in solar activity.

“In cycle 26, the two waves exactly mirror each other — peaking at the same time but in opposite hemispheres of the Sun. Their interaction will be disruptive, or they will nearly cancel each other. We predict that this will lead to the properties of a ‘Maunder minimum’,” said Zharkova. “Effectively, when the waves are approximately in phase, they can show strong interaction, or resonance, and we have strong solar activity. When they are out of phase, we have solar minimums. When there is full phase separation, we have the conditions last seen during the Maunder minimum, 370 years ago.”


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Royal Astronomical Society (RAS). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

 

Solar activity predicted to fall 60% in 2030s, to ‘mini ice age’ levels: Sun driven by double dynamo — ScienceDaily.

The record temperatures we keep reading about could be a fond memory in just 15 years’ time, which is when a new mini-Ice Age will hit the planet, a group of scientists is warning.

The last “Little Ice Age,” which chilled the northern hemisphere from the year 1300 to 1870, lasted almost 600 years. The U.K. Royal Astronomical Society isn’t postulating how long the new one they predict will persist.

Their prediction has nothing whatsoever to do with the phenomenon of human-driven climate change, about which there is almost-blanket scientific consensus. It has to do with the behavior of the sun, which the team headed by Prof. Valentina Zharkova says it can now model with much greater accuracy than ever before.

The model suggests that “solar activity will fall by 60 per cent during the 2030s to conditions last seen during the ‘mini ice age’ that began in 1645,” they write in ScienceDaily.

The sun has a natural activity cycle lasting between ten and 12 years, but the cycles are, by nature, not identical. Yet nobody had been able to nail down the causes of fluctuations, until Zharkova and her team postulated that the sun’s activity was driven not by one dynamo, but two – one being moving plasm deep within the Sun, the other closer to the star’s surface.

They found magnetic wave components appearing in pairs, originating in two different layers in the Sun’s interior, Zharkova told Science Daily: Both have a frequency of about 11 years but are offset in time.

“Combining both waves together and comparing to real data for the current solar cycle, we found that our predictions showed an accuracy of 97%,” she told the journal.

And they predict, based on the cycles’ behavior, that a new mini-Ice Age will start in 15 years, when the cycles produce a “Maunder minimum” – a period of low solar activity.

This is not good news. The last “Little Ice Age” – which was no such thing, merely a very long period of colder weather wreaked havoc on Europe and early settlers of North America, though science isn’t clear how it affected the southern hemisphere. In Europe, rivers and canals froze over and so did the usually balmy Bosphorus, for good measure. Frost-afflicted countries suffered widespread crop failure and famine. Some have even linked the travails of the era to the predilection for witch-hunting, which did not, ultimately, solve any problems at all.

 

Mini-ice age to hit Earth in 15 years, scientists warn – Nature & Environment – Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News.

The quasi-annual variations appear to be driven by changes in the bands of strong magnetic fields in each solar hemisphere. These bands also help shape the approximately 11-year solar cycle that is part of a longer cycle that lasts about 22 years.

via Sun experiences seasonal changes, new research finds | UCAR – University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

scafetta_agu-2012.pdf.

 

IceAgeNow | Planetary Theory Moves to the Next Level.

 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada (PRWEB) August 15, 2013

Climate change on earth is significantly affected by the changing 11 year solar magnetic cycles, according to Friends of Science and many solar and climate researchers. A recently released NASA video, complete with animation explaining the process wherein the sun’s magnetic poles flip polarity, lends credence to the scientific position Friends of Science takes on climate change and global warming.

“We are pleased that the NASA video and animation describing these events in part explains how climate is affected by the solar magnetic flux,” says Dr. Neil Hutton, director of Friends of Science.

The video also notes there are space and earth climate variations as earth passes through the ‘waves’ of magnetic energy radiating from the sun.

Dr. Hutton is a long-time proponent of the view that solar magnetic flux is the principle driver of climate change. His work has been cited by the late Dr. Peter Ziegler, Emeritus Professor, University of Basel, in December 2010 in a presentation to the Swiss Academy of Sciences.

“For the first time in history, people are able to observe close-up the changes the sun goes through as its magnetic poles flip,” says Hutton. He points out that sun spot activity has been documented as early as 300 BC, but most notably by Galileo in the 1600’s, and the activity has been systematically recorded since 1700.

Hutton notes that this particular “Cycle 24” of the sun is quite unusual due to the very low number of sunspots.

“The current sun spot behavior has not been observed in 200 years,” says Hutton.

Colder periods like the Little Ice Age were preceded by low sunspot activity. During the Little Ice Age from about 1350 to 1850, cooler temperatures and wet seasons across Europe lead to massive crop failures, famines and civil unrest.

Hutton states: “The Sun’s magnetic index is measured daily and has significantly declined since the last maximum of Cycle 23. The geomagnetic activity of earth and that of the sun are interrelated and their interplay also affects climate. Theoretically, a weaker solar magnetic field could allow the penetration of more cosmic rays which directly affect cloud cover and climate. This has been demonstrated by the recently completed CLOUD experiment at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.”

Friends of Science express concern that global governments are not prepared for the possible consequences of multi-decade global cooling.

“Even a one degree drop in temperature could devastate agricultural production,” says Hutton. “Are we prepared?”

Colder weather would reduce northern hemisphere crop growth, increase demand for reliable, dispatchable energy, and increase the number of health issues and deaths.

“Instead of spending a trillion dollars world-wide on carbon reduction policies and unreliable wind and solar, as we have done in the past decade, we need to upgrade and maintain inexpensive fossil-fuel based energy for northern, industrialized countries,” says Hutton.

Friends of Science President, Len Maier, a retired engineer, is a farmer and recommends: “We must convert land production from producing biofuels from crops like canola and corn. Current producing crops like these should be dedicated to human or animal feed, not be used for biofuels.”

The Little Ice Age lasted about 500 years. Other periods of extended cooling occurred before humans used fossil-fuels. Friends of Science agree that human activity has some impact on climate; the effect of human-produced carbon dioxide (CO2) is minor compared to natural forces and cyclical patterns of the sun and ocean currents.

About Friends of Science

Friends of Science have spent a decade reviewing a broad spectrum of literature on climate change and have concluded the sun is the main driver of climate change, not carbon dioxide (CO2). Membership is open to the public and available on-line.

Contact:
Friends of Science
P.O. Box 23167, Connaught P.O.
Calgary, Alberta
Canada T2S 3B1

Toll-free Telephone: 1-888-789-9597

friendsofscience.org

E-mail: contact(at)friendsofscience(dot)org

Spectacular NASA Images Illustrate Sun as a Driver of Global Warming and Climate Change Foretells Global Cooling Says Friends of Science.

 

 

solar-cycle-sunspot-number.gif (GIF Image, 720 × 550 pixels).

 

Global warming could make blizzards worse – The Washington Post.

And Porn turns men into fags………

What a piece of lying trash.

It’s all about programming simple minds with repetitive lies to justify taxing them into fiefdom.

Like this little troll.

Frank Hill: Future sunspot drop, but no new ice age

Frank Hill told EarthSky that — while his team did suggest a drop in solar activity beginning around 2019 — they did not suggest Earth would cool as a result.
:
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Frank Hill is an astronomer at the U.S. National Solar Observatory. In June, 2011, Hill and colleagues announced their conclusions that sunspot activity might be headed for a dramatic drop in activity, beginning around the year 2019. The sun normally follows a cycle of activity lasting about 11 years. The current cycle, Cycle 24, is now around its peak. Frank Hill and colleagues are looking toward the next cycle — Cycle 25. Based on data showing decades-long trends, they are suggesting Cycle 25’s peak might be delayed or that it might not have a typical peak in activity at all. Hill spoke more about his sunspot studies with EarthSky’s Jorge Salazar.

Are you familiar with media reports that have gotten this story wrong?

Yes, actually. It seems to me that a lot of reports have come out and said that we have predicted a new ice age. That is making the leap from low sunspot activity to cooling. We did not predict a little ice age.

What we predicted is something that the sun will be doing, not what the Earth’s climate will be doing. That has been the major inaccuracy that I have seen in the media at this point.

You studied jet streams below the surface of the sun. What were your main findings?

For 16 years, we’ve been observing the inside of the sun using a technique called helioseismology. The sun is filled with sound waves — acoustic waves — that penetrate and travel all the way throughout the sun. They are visible when they strike the surface of the sun from the inside, making the surface move up and down.

Using this data, we can infer the motions of the gas inside the sun.

The solar disk, showing a moderate number of spots. Image Credit: NASA

And we have found that there is a jet stream, which had been observed previously on the surface in 1981, that is very tightly timed to the solar cycle.

This jet stream typically first appears at a high latitude on the sun, near the solar poles, approximately 10 to 12 years before the start of the solar cycle. It then moves first toward the poles, and then another branch appears. It moves towards the equator. We should be seeing the poleward branch of this flow for Cycle 25. That’s the next cycle of sunspots after the the one that we are in, which is Cycle 24. We should have seen that flow back in 2008, and we still have not seen it. And so this leads us to believe that that there is something different about Cycle 25 than we have previously seen.

When the sun has sunspots on it, the sun is a little bit brighter than when there are not. So if there’s a lack of sunspots, then the sun is a little bit dimmer. By a little bit, I mean one tenth of one percent. It’s a very small fraction.

What does this all mean?

It could mean a range of things. It could mean that the next sunspot cycle, after the current one, could be delayed by two to five years, at least, and perhaps longer.

Frozen Thames, circa 1677. Artist unknown. Wikimedia Commons.

Or at the other extreme, it could mean that there are no sunspots appearing at all for an extended period of time. We could be entering a situation similar to the Maunder Minimum, which was a period of 70 years or so, from 1645 to 1715 — where very few visible sunspots were observed. [Editor’s Note: The Maunder Minimum — a period of decreased activity on the sun — is often said to correlate roughly in time to what is sometimes called the Little Ice Age, a period of unusually cold weather in northern Europe, during which people were said to ice skate on the Thames.]

The Maunder Minimum has been connected to the Little Ice Age, anecdotally. However, there are some indications that the connection with the Little Ice Age might not be as strong as some people claim. It probably depends on how you define Little Ice Age.

But in some measures you can say that the Little Ice Age is thought to have occurred 100-300 years before the Maunder Minimum itself. So while part of it coincided with the Maunder Minimum, not all of it did.

So it’s not clear that there really was a cause and effect. It’s definitely a very gray area, and of course we don’t have very good data on it because it happened so long ago.

What do you expect to happen now, with activity on the sun?

In 2013, we expect to see a maximum of the current solar cycle, which is Cycle 24. The next solar cycle, Cycle 25, should start about 2019 or 2020. What we are claiming is that it may not start in 2019 or 2020. It might be delayed until 2025 — or even longer. We can’t tell yet.

Close-up on a sunspot. Image Credit: NASA

The evidence is this. The jet stream flow that we are observing inside the sun — as well as with helioseismology — is very tightly correlated with the timing of the solar cycle. For instance, you might have heard of the long, deep minimum that we just emerged from — between Cycles 23 and 24. That minimum was approximately 1.5 years longer than we normally experience. We found that the jet stream inside the sun — which we call the torsional oscillation and which migrates from high to low latitudes on the sun — was migrating at a much slower rate than it had in the past. It took about 1.5 years longer to reach the latitude at which sunspots begin to appear.

And that made us realize that observing this phenomenon could provide a clock, a future predictor of what will be happening for the overall solar cycle itself.

Listen to the 8-minute and 90-second EarthSky interviews with Frank Hill on the predicted decrease in solar activity — and inaccurate media reports that it means a period of cooling for Earth — at top of page.

Frank Hill: Future sunspot drop, but no new ice age | Space | EarthSky.

NASA Climate Scientist

“Opinions vary about the hiatus, as some view it as evidence that man-made global warming is a myth,”

NASA said in a press release.

Hiatus, Climategate, fraud, incompetence, carbon tax, destruction of the middle class, fiefdom, enslavement.

Get a fucking clue.

Cycle 24 is validiating the Landscheidt cycles

Global cooling is coming per the Landscheidt Cycles

…..

NASA Climate Scientist Explains 15-Year ‘Global Warming Hiatus’ « CBS DC.

Landscheidt cycles…..  Buffoon! Landscheidt cycles…..

Climate change fossil fuels emissions temperature Shaun Lovejoy.

There is snow on the great pyramid today……

Yet, those stupid fucks that chant the cult mantra “global warming” will still fall back on “That’s the weather” until the River Thames freezes over as well.

 

 

sunspot.gif GIF Image, 720 × 550 pixels

 

sunspot.gif (GIF Image, 720 × 550 pixels).

 

Not one hurricane in the Atlantic or Gulf of Mexico this year and no comment in the media but ONE storm and a photo op of some shanties blown over and it’s all climate change Armageddon.

Fucking liars…

Climate change pledges: rich nations face fury over moves to renege | Environment | The Observer.

Tax the middle class, tax the middle class, Tax them until they are too poor to speak up or fight back…..

CAN ANYONE SAY “GLOBAL COOLING”?

Tropical storm Gabrielle fizzles: Why has hurricane season been so calm? (+video)

Tropical storm Gabrielle was the seventh Atlantic tropical cyclone this season, but no hurricanes have yet formed, which is unusual. Another 10 hurricane-free days would set a record.

And here is why:

Latest Sunspot number prediction

Now go google Landscheidt Cycles and break away from the Main Stream Media (MSM) and thier mind programming bullshit.

By Staff writer / September 5, 2013

This satellite image shows tropical storm Gabrielle moving east toward the Dominican Republic Wednesday. The storm has since been downgraded to a tropical depression.

NASA GOES Project/Reuters

Enlarge

The weather system that had become tropical storm Gabrielle overnight Wednesday has abruptly lost strength and was demoted to tropical-depression status with sustained winds of only 35 miles per hour at 11 a.m. Thursday.

 

Tropical storm Gabrielle fizzles: Why has hurricane season been so calm? (+video) – CSMonitor.com.

Not everyone is as obsessed with predicting the future as the Supreme Pundit is.  So it is understandable that (global warming / climate change / climate crisis / plain old bullshit) has most folks thinking that we are in for a warm, moist, plant frieldly, eco friendly global warming period.

WE ARE NOT!

We (humans and other earth inhabitants) are in for 30 years of cold, dry, plant stressing, ecologically harsh, glacier building solar minimum per the Landscheit cycles now being proven out in the current sunspot data.

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SolarCycle/sunspot.gif

Solar Cycle Progression and Prediction.

Global BULLSHIT continues on.  The Eco-nazies cannot accept that their religion has lied to them.  Global Warming.. no let’s change the name to Climate Change… no not enough impact let’s change it to Climate Crisis.

All while the rest of the scientific community distances themselves from these frauds because none of this is any more scientific than witchcraft or blood letting.

Dumb Fucks should just shut up. Tax carbon credits.  Fuck you.

We are in for 30 years of COLD assholes.  and we are going to keep every one of your names for the cleansing of our scientific community.

Anyone discussing this subject and not addressing Landscheidt cycles is just not credible.

 

Part II– How does Climate Change Affect the World?

Provided by the Fort Independence Environmental Climate Change Working Group

Chair: Dennis Mattinson

1.How can a change of one or two degrees in global average temperatures have an impact on our lives? 

Changing the average global temperature by even a degree or two can lead to serious consequences around the globe. For about every 2°F of warming, we can expect to see:

5—15% reductions in the yields of crops as currently grown

3—10% increases in the amount of rain falling during the heaviest precipitation events, which can increase flooding risks

5—10% decreases in stream flow in some river basins, including the Arkansas and the Rio Grande

200%—400% increases in the area burned by wildfire in parts of the western United States [6]

Global average temperatures have increased more than 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit over the last 100 years. [2] Many of the extreme precipitation and heat events that we have seen in recent years are consistent with what we would expect given this amount of warming. [5] Scientists project that Earth’s average temperatures will rise between 2 and 12 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100. [1]

2. Do emissions of carbon dioxide from human activities have a big impact on Earth’s climate?

Plants, oceans, and soils release and absorb large quantities of carbon dioxide as a part of the Earth’s natural carbon cycle. These natural emissions and absorptions of carbon dioxide on average balance out over time. However, the carbon dioxide from human activities is not part of this natural balance. Ice core measurements reveal that carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are higher than they have been for at least 800,000 years. [5] The global warming that has been observed in recent decades was caused by elevated levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, due primarily to human activities. [1]

3. Will a small rise in sea level affect people (even in the United States)?

A small rise in sea level will affect many people, even in the United States. The amount of sea level rise expected to occur as a result of climate change will increase the risk of coastal flooding for millions to hundreds of millions of people around the world, many of whom would have to permanently leave their homes. [7] Global sea level has risen approximately 9 inches, on average, in the last 140 years. [4] This has already put some coastal homes, beaches, roads, bridges, and wildlife at risk. [5] By the year 2100, sea level is expected to rise another 1.5 to 3 feet. [6] Rising seas will make coastal storms and the associated storm surges more frequent and destructive. For example, in New York City what is currently termed a once-in-a-century coastal flooding event could occur as frequently as once per decade. [5]

References

  1. NRC (2011). America’s Climate Choices: Final Report.   National Research Council. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  2. NRC (2010). Advancing the Science of Climate Change.   National Research Council. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  3. NOAA (2011). 2010 Tied For Warmest Year on Record. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed 3/16/2012.
  4. EPA (2010). Climate Change Indicators in the United States. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.
  5. USGCRP (2009). Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Thomas R. Karl, Jerry M. Melillo, and Thomas C. Peterson (eds.). United States Global Change Research Program. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  6. NRC (2011). Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia. National Research Council. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  7. IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report.  Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Pachauri, R.K. and A. Reisinger (eds.)]. Geneva, Switzerland.

4.  What are the effects of Climate Change on world life?

Life on Earth is profoundly affected by the planet’s climate. Animals, plants, and other living beings around the globe are moving, adapting, and, in some cases, dying as a direct or indirect result of environmental shifts associated with our changing climate—disrupting intricate interactions among Earth’s species, with profound implications for the natural systems on which humans depend. Climate change is happening on a global scale, but the ecological impacts are often local. – (COMMITTEE ON ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE)-

 

 

Climate Change: Part II – world effects | Sierra Wave: Eastern Sierra News.

sunspot.gif GIF Image, 720 × 550 pixels.If you have more than 11 brain cells and have an IQ above 90 you may be able to google the relationship between what this graph is telling you and the next thirty years.  BUT IF YOU ARE A COMPLETE FUCKING MORON FED BULLSHIT BY THE MEDIA THAN YOU ARE A AGENT OF THE ANTICHRIST SET TO KILL OVER 5 BILLION PEOPLE IN THE NAME OF SAVING THE EARTH FROM GLOBAL WARMING. ASSHOLE!

 

global cooling is now busted

Cycle 25 of our sweet little sun is going to mark the beginning of a little ice age for the northern latitudes.  Since the report mentioned in my earlier post all information on cycle 25 and the magnetic precursors for it have been missing from the media.

If you knew the future would you cover it up to profit from it?

 

Landscheidt cycle confirmed and media blackout of indicators

Sunspot and Global Cooling update :The Supreme Pundit.

With

The current  “Economic crisis”,

The now current Confirmed Jovian influence of the sun an the coming solar minimum.

The current huge orders by government agency in the us of ammunition orders.

The current crossing of the sun and our solar system of the central plane of the Milky Way.

The current disclosure of non human intelligence.

The current exposure of the twelve (12) ruling families.

I the Supreme Pundit are now calling the complete fucking of all of humanity for the next 40 years.

By:

Starvation

and

War

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The sunspot counts continue to foretell a period that may match the mauder or dalton minimums.  What does that mean?  Well we could be looking at a significant cooling period of 30 years up to 100 years where crop failures, famine, and storm catastrophes become the norm.

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/SolarCycle/sunspot.gif

If you do not know about Agenda 21 Please google it and get up to speed.  It is the return to feudalism and control of the world by the royal families.

Activist Post: Richard Rothschild Battles Local Agenda 21.

What The Fuck

Teen Girls that are too ugly to fuck

Men that are too pretty to throw out of the beauty contest

Cops that kill

Cops that steal

Vegans that can’t read

Women that rape the man next door

Just read the last ten posts or so…

Man still uses film to document his molestation of children while Principal of school allows parents to be kept in the dark.

Mark Berndt, 61,

The mentality of the teaching profession is distilled down into this story.

Parents are fools, children are profit centers, civil rights do not matter as we the teachers and administrators make the rules.

The elementary school teacher told the children it was a game. He lured them into his third-grade classroom, blindfolded them, gagged them and set cockroaches crawling on their faces.

But that is nothing.

He then would feed the blindfolded children semen from a spoon or on a cookie.

Some parents picking up their pre-kindergarteners at the school on Tuesday complained that Miramonte Principal Martin Sandoval at Miramonte Elementary School in South Los Angeles should have notified them when the photos were found.

PARENTS SHUT THE HELL UP.  WE ARE CONTINUING TO ALLOW HIM TO DO THIS WHILE WE BUILD A STRONGER CASE…..

Respect Authority dammit!

The cops could have arrested Berndt on misdemeanor charges when the investigation began but chose to build a stronger felony case,

The teacher is not believed to have had contact with children during the investigation period that the stronger case was being built but surveillance of Berndt, “…was routine. It wasn’t 24-7”

(the parents) “concern is why, if the principal knew this in advance, why didn’t he inform us?”

(the parents wanted to know) “How long has he been doing this?”

Miramonte Principal Martin Sandoval at Miramonte Elementary School in South Los Angles did not have a satisfactory explanation.

“If it wasn’t for the film processor, this could still be continuing today,” said Lt. Carlos Marquez of the Los Angeles County sheriff’s department. (Well the cops solve very few crimes they almost always have citizens turning in criminals.  The cops just handle the paperwork.)

Moving up the age bracket we have Jerry

Who today is getting a list of those that have come forward accusing him of homo-molesting them so he can build a better defense against going to the big butt fuck house.

Too bad this clown was a homo or he could have claimed that it was mass hysteria.  Like the Salem witches….

CHEERLEADERS with Tourette’s syndrome. Like a fly buzzing against the window, this weird arrangement of words flitted across the edge of my consciousness last week. I kept thinking I should take a minute to track down the Onion piece from which this kooky phrase surely emanated, but finally committed some desultory Googling, and discovered that the buzzing idea correlated (more or less) to an actual event. A break in the case — and the appearance of two of the girls in a television interview — brought the story to national attention.

One afternoon last October in a small town about 50 miles from Buffalo, a high school cheerleader lay down for a nap, and woke up changed. She had been struck not with Tourette’s but with a host of symptoms that resembled it: facial tics, uncontrollable movement, stuttering, verbal outbursts. Several other schoolmates have been afflicted, for a total of 14 girls. One boy reported symptoms.

Parents, school officials and doctors investigated possible organic causes of this troubling event, and serially ruled out potential suspects, from vaccine reactions to environmental hazards. (Erin Brockovich is looking into possible toxic causes.) The girls continued to suffer, dropped out of school and gave television interviews in which their arms looped around wildly and their voices broke and warbled.

Well, that’s the kind of nutty story that only happens once, or so I briefly thought, until more focused Googling quickly led me to an almost identical episode, this one in 2002, in a high school in rural North Carolina. Once again, a cheerleader was first to manifest the strange symptoms, and once again other girls, some of them cheerleaders, were struck with the same condition.

There are famous cases that closely mimic these strange events. In 1962, in a girls’ school in Tanzania, a laughing epidemic spread to 95 students and lasted for months. In 1965 there was a fainting episode at a girls’ school in Blackburn, England, that landed 85 girls in the hospital. In 1983, when there was a widespread fear of chemical warfare in the West Bank, more than 900 Arab schoolgirls and a few female Israeli soldiers exhibited the symptoms of having been gassed, but doctors found no specific cause for the outbreak.

In all of these cases, the ultimate diagnosis — unpalatable in our post-Freudian age — was good old-fashioned hysteria. In the cheerleader cases, the first girl seems to have suffered from some kind of mental or emotional distress, which she expressed through otherwise unrelated physical symptoms. The other girls — victims of yesteryear’s mass hysteria and today’s mass psychogenic illness, in which the symptoms of hysteria pass from person to person, like contagion — believed the condition to be communicable and “caught” it.

Hysteria is the most retrograde and non-womyn-empowering condition. It’s not supposed to happen anymore (we have Title IX!), but it won’t seem to go away. Both history and myth are filled with stories of girls exhibiting bizarre symptoms around the time of puberty — from Cassandra and her raving, to the girls of the Salem witch trials, to the girls whose households were believed to be the site of poltergeist hauntings, to cheerleaders in New York and North Carolina. Pubescent girls, it seems, are manifestly more likely to exhibit extreme and bizarre psychological symptoms than are teenage boys.

What no one has been able to determine is why this is so, why it is the cheerleaders and not the linebackers who come down with tics and stuttering. Female adolescence is — universally — an emotionally and psychologically intense period. It is during this time that girls become aware of the emergence of womanhood, with both the great joy and promise that come with it, and also the threat of danger. Much on their minds is their new potential for childbearing, an event that for most of human history has been fraught with physical peril. Furthermore, their emergence as sexual creatures brings with it heady excitement and increased physical vulnerability. They are also sharply aware that soon they will have to leave home forever, and at the very moment when they are most keenly desirous of its comforts and protections.

Most parents of adolescent girls will never have to contend with episodes of hysteria of the kind experienced by the cheerleaders. But anyone with a teenage daughter can attest that this is a time of emotional extremes and high drama, of girls who are one moment affectionate youngsters and the next screaming banshees. “What’s gotten into you?” the perplexed mother in “The Exorcist” wonders about her demonized daughter; it’s a question that the mothers of non-possessed girls often ask during the teenage years.

What girls need during this time is a stable and supportive space in which to work out all of this drama. In many respects a teenage girl’s home is more important to her than at any time since she was a small child. She also needs emotional support and protection from the most corrosive cultural forces that seek to exploit her when she is least able to resist. Most of all she needs some privacy to work to make a way for herself as a strong and confident young woman. The emotional swings of normal female adolescence attest to its intensity, and they are also the reason girls need and deserve more protection during this time of their lives. As a neurologist treating the New York girls said: “These girls will get better. We have to give them time and space.”

Caitlin Flanagan is the author most recently, of “Girl Land.”

A version of this op-ed appeared in print on January 29, 2012, on page SR4 of the New York edition with the headline: Hysteria and the Teenage Girl.

Couples fucked by trusting Phfizer:

Pfizer said on Tuesday it was recalling about 1 million packets of birth control pills in the United States because they may not contain enough contraceptive to prevent pregnancy.

Pfizer said the birth control pills posed no health threat to women but it urged consumers affected by the recall to “begin using a non-hormonal form of contraception immediately.”

The drugmaker said the issue involved 14 lots of Lo/Ovral-28 tablets and 14 lots of Norgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol tablets.

It said an investigation had found that some blister packs of the oral contraceptive might contain an inexact count of inert or active ingredients in the tablets.

The pills were manufactured by Pfizer and marketed by Akrimax Pharmaceuticals and shipped to warehouses, clinics and retail pharmacies nationwide, the company said.

QUICK MEN

GET YOUR TESTICLES

ONTO THOSE TWEETERS!

Men could soon blast their balls with soundwaves to prevent pregnancy

What if the male version of the birth control pill wasn’t a pill at all? Scientists from the University of North Carolina say a non-oral form of male contraception is on the horizon. According to researchers, all it takes to be effective is a couple blasts of high frequency sound waves…delivered straight to the testicles.

Using ultrasound equipment typically used for physical therapy, a team of researchers led by UNC’s James Tsuruta showed that exposing the testes of rats to two 15-minute “doses” of ultrasonic radiation could reduce sperm counts in the rats to levels that, in humans, would result in infertility. If the effects prove reversible, and the treatment is deemed safe, ultrasonic contraception could soon become a common form of male birth control.

But would anybody actually use it? After all, having blasts of high-frequency sound waves propagate throughout your nether regions sounds pretty, well, intimidating; but preliminary human studies (which were first conducted in the 1970s but, for various reasons, never really saw much more attention until recently), show that the treatment isn’t painful at all. Plus, when you consider the benefits of sound waves over an orally administered pill, ultrasonic ball-blasts actually start to sound pretty attractive.

For one thing, it would be cheap; the equipment used to deliver the doses is already ubiquitous in sports medicine and physical therapy clinics. Plus, there’d be no expensive drugs to synthesize, which also translates to cheaper treatment.

You also wouldn’t have to remember to take a daily pill. When Tsuruta first received funding for his team’s research from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2010, he estimated that doses of ultrasound could be used to provide men with six months of reliable contraception. Of course, that was almost two years ago — before he’d had a chance to see the results of his tests on rats — but even if it only lasted two or three months, a few short visits a year would probably still be preferable to a daily pill for a lot of people.

But plenty of questions about the efficacy and safety of ultrasonic contraception remain, namely: how long does a single treatment last, are the treatment’s effects reversible, do multiple treatments cause any long-term damage, and do the ultrasonic doses have any negative effects on babies themselves?

“It’s a nice idea, but a lot more work is needed,” said University of Sheffield’s Allan Pacey in an interview with BBC News, claiming it was likely that sperm production would recover, but that “sperm might be damaged and any baby might be damaged,” as well.

“The last thing we want is a lingering damage to sperm,” he said. A provisional version of the researchers’ findings are published in Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology.

Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology via BBC.

But no worries just go on vacation: and DIE!

Nevada health officials found Legionella bacteria in water samples at the Luxor in Las Vegas this month after receiving notice that a prior guest at the hotel-casino had died from Legionnaires’ disease.

The public health notice issued by the Southern Nevada Health District on Monday said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention alerted the agency to three Luxor guests who were diagnosed with Legionnaires’ disease.

Two cases were reported in spring 2011, but water samples taken at that time didn’t detect the bacteria  and both patients recovered. The third case was reported in January — no name or details about the victim were given — and the hotel’s water again was tested. “At this time environmental sampling was positive for Legionella bacteria,” the notice says.

The Luxor took steps to treat the water in the room where the deceased guest stayed within 24 hours of receiving notice, according to media reports. Gordon Absher, vice president of public affairs for MGM Resorts International, which owns the Luxor, says the company is embarking on a voluntary remediation of the entire hotel. The hotel also posted information about the disease on a Web page and has a hotline for guests to call.

Brian Labus, senior epidemiologist at the health district, says the bacteria may grow in shower heads or other water fixtures in hotel rooms that haven’t been used for a while so water doesn’t circulate regularly. “There’s nothing you can do as a guest to prevent it,” he says.

Legionnaires’ disease is a type of pneumonia that can be fatal in 5% to 30% of cases, especially among the elderly and people with respiratory problems. It’s transmitted by breathing in vapor or mist tainted by bacteria, not by person-to-person contact, and the incubation period is 2 to 14 days. Symptoms include high fever, chills, cough and sometimes muscle aches, the health district’s notice says.

Last July, six cases of Legionniares’ disease were reported to the CDC by people who had stayed at the Aria Resort & Casino, which is partly owned by MGM Resorts. All patients were treated and recovered. In that instance, Absher says the hotel sent out 14,000 letters and posted a notice on its website to inform prior guests about the possibility of having been exposed to the bacteria. (A civil lawsuit filed over those cases is pending.)

But don’t worry we can all blame it on Global Warming:

January 31, 2012, 10:04 pm

Climate Researchers Get Their Wall Street Journal Moment

By ANDREW C. REVKIN

The Wall Street Journal has just published “Check With Climate Scientists for Views on Climate,” a rebuttal from a long list of climate researchers criticizing last week’s much-discussed 16-author op-ed article titled “No Need to Panic About Global Warming.”

Here’s the opening paragraph of the response and a link to the rest:

Do you consult your dentist about your heart condition? In science, as in any area, reputations are based on knowledge and expertise in a field and on published, peer-reviewed work. If you need surgery, you want a highly experienced expert in the field who has done a large number of the proposed operations. [Read the rest.]

On Wednesday I’ll be posting fresh input from some economists, who — whether one likes it or not — are focused on the arena that will largely decide what does and does not happen in the planet’s atmosphere, oceans and frozen places.

THAT IS UNLESS THERE IS A VOLCANO THAT IS ACTING UP THEN WE MAY WANT A LITTLE WARMING…

New CU-led study may answer long-standing questions about enigmatic Little Ice Age

January 30, 2012 •

Natural Sciences, Environment, Institutes

Discovery & Innovation, Discoveries & Achievements, Research Collaborations, Student Research

A new University of Colorado Boulder-led study appears to answer contentious questions about the onset and cause of Earth’s Little Ice Age, a period of cooling temperatures that began after the Middle Ages and lasted into the late 19th century.

According to the new study, the Little Ice Age began abruptly between A.D. 1275 and 1300, triggered by repeated, explosive volcanism and sustained by a self- perpetuating sea ice-ocean feedback system in the North Atlantic Ocean, according to CU-Boulder Professor Gifford Miller, who led the study. The primary evidence comes from radiocarbon dates from dead vegetation emerging from rapidly melting icecaps on Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic, combined with ice and sediment core data from the poles and Iceland and from sea ice climate model simulations, said Miller.

While scientific estimates regarding the onset of the Little Ice Age range from the 13th century to the 16th century, there is little consensus, said Miller.  There is evidence the Little Ice Age affected places as far away as South America and China, although it was particularly evident in northern Europe. Advancing glaciers in mountain valleys destroyed towns, and famous paintings from the period depict people ice skating on the Thames River in London and canals in the Netherlands, waterways that were ice-free in winter before and after the Little Ice Age.

“The dominant way scientists have defined the Little Ice Age is by the expansion of big valley glaciers in the Alps and in Norway,” said Miller. “But the time it took for European glaciers to advance far enough to demolish villages would have been long after the onset of the cold period,” said Miller, a fellow at CU’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research.

Most scientists think the Little Ice Age was caused either by decreased summer solar radiation, erupting volcanoes that cooled the planet by ejecting shiny aerosol particles that reflected sunlight back into space, or a combination of both, said Miller.

The new study suggests that the onset of the Little Ice Age was caused by an unusual, 50-year-long episode of four massive tropical volcanic eruptions. Climate models used in the new study showed that the persistence of cold summers following the eruptions is best explained by a sea ice-ocean feedback system originating in the North Atlantic Ocean.

“This is the first time anyone has clearly identified the specific onset of the cold times marking the start of the Little Ice Age,” said Miller.  “We also have provided an understandable climate feedback system that explains how this cold period could be sustained for a long period of time.  If the climate system is hit again and again by cold conditions over a relatively short period — in this case, from volcanic eruptions — there appears to be a cumulative cooling effect.”

A paper on the subject is being published Jan. 31 in Geophysical Research Letters, a publication of the American Geophysical Union. The paper was authored by scientists and students from CU-Boulder, the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, the University of Iceland, the University of California, Irvine, and the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The study was funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the Icelandic Science Foundation.

As part of the study, Miller and his colleagues radiocarbon-dated roughly 150 samples of dead plant material with roots intact collected from beneath receding ice margins of ice caps on Baffin Island.  There was a large cluster of “kill dates” between A.D. 1275 and 1300, indicating the plants had been frozen and engulfed by ice during a relatively sudden event.

Both low-lying and higher altitude plants all died at roughly the same time, indicating the onset of the Little Ice Age on Baffin Island — the fifth largest island in the world — was abrupt. The team saw a second spike in plant kill dates at about A.D. 1450, indicating the quick onset of a second major cooling event.

To broaden the study, the team analyzed sediment cores from a glacial lake linked to the 367-square-mile Langjökull ice cap in the central highlands of Iceland that reaches nearly a mile high. The annual layers in the cores — which can be reliably dated by using tephra deposits from known historic volcanic eruptions on Iceland going back more than 1,000 years — suddenly became thicker in the late 13th century and again in the 15th century due to increased erosion caused by the expansion of the ice cap as the climate cooled, he said.

“That showed us the signal we got from Baffin Island was not just a local signal, it was a North Atlantic signal,” said Miller.  “This gave us a great deal more confidence that there was a major perturbation to the Northern Hemisphere climate near the end of the 13th century.” Average summer temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere did not return to those of the Middle Ages until the 20th century, and the temperatures of the Middle Ages are now exceeded in many areas, he said.

The team used the NCAR-based Community Climate System Model to test the effects of volcanic cooling on Arctic sea ice extent and mass. The model, which simulated various sea ice conditions from about A.D. 1150-1700, showed several large, closely spaced eruptions could have cooled the Northern Hemisphere enough to trigger Arctic sea ice growth.

The models showed sustained cooling from volcanoes would have sent some of the expanding Arctic sea ice down along the eastern coast of Greenland until it eventually melted in the North Atlantic.  Since sea ice contains almost no salt, when it melted the surface water became less dense, preventing it from mixing with deeper North Atlantic water.  This weakened heat transport back to the Arctic and creating a self-sustaining feedback system on the sea ice long after the effects of the volcanic aerosols subsided, he said.

“Our simulations showed that the volcanic eruptions may have had a profound cooling effect,” says NCAR scientist Bette Otto-Bliesner, a co-author of the study. “The eruptions could have triggered a chain reaction, affecting sea ice and ocean currents in a way that lowered temperatures for centuries.”

The researchers set the solar radiation at a constant level in the climate models, and Miller said the Little Ice Age likely would have occurred without decreased summer solar radiation at the time. “Estimates of the sun’s variability over time are getting smaller, it’s now thought by some scientists to have varied little more in the last millennia than during a standard 11-year solar cycle,” he said.

One of the primary questions pertaining to the Little Ice Age is how unusual the warming of Earth is today, he said.  A previous study led by Miller in 2008 on Baffin Island indicated temperatures today are the warmest in at least 2,000 years.

Other co-authors on the paper include CU-Boulder’s Yafang Zhong, Darren Larsen, Kurt Refsnider, Scott Lehman and Chance Anderson, NCAR’s Marika Holland and David Bailey, the University of Iceland’s Áslaug Geirsdóttir, Helgi Bjornsson and Darren Larsen, UC-Irvine’s John Southon and the University of Edinburgh’s Thorvaldur Thordarson. Larsen is doctoral student jointly at CU-Boulder and the University of Iceland.

Contact:
Gifford Miller, 303-492-6962
Gmiller@colorado.edu
Bette Otto-Bliesner, NCAR, 303-497-1723
Jim Scott, CU-Boulder media relations, 303-492-3114
Kate Ramsayer, AGU media relations, 202-777-7524
David Hosansky, NCAR/UCAR media relations, 303-497-8611
Cheryl Dybas, NSF communications, 703-292-7734

BUT FUCK ALL THAT COLD WARM AGW BULLSHIT A BIG ROCK IS WHAT WE SHOULD BE WORRYING ABOUT AS ONE LIKE THIS HAS WIPED OUT ALL LIFE ON THE PLANET MANY TIMES IN THE PAST.

AND WILL DO SO AGAIN IN THE FUTURE….

Eros asteroid makes close approach to Earth

This image is of 433 Eros a near Earth asteroid that made its closest approach to Earth in more than 30 years on Tuesday.

MIAMI –

The first near Earth asteroid ever discovered was 433 Eros back in 1898.

Tuesday January 31st, the asteroid will make history again as it makes its closest approach to Earth since 1975.  Its closest approach will be 16.6 million miles away that is roughly 70 times the moon’s average distance from Earth so there is no danger with Euros passing this close.

433 Eros orbits Earth and comes within twenty million miles every 1.76 years.

BUT IF YOU BELIEVE THE TOP RESEARCHER IN THE ORIGINS OF LIFE THE MAGIC OF THE SPRITS WILL PERSEVERE….

Biochemist publishes a paper solving the mystery of life, but no one understands it

Case Western Reserve University biochemist Erik Andrulis has just published a paper about a discovery that goes way beyond the RNA he usually researches. He claims he’s discovered the secret to life itself – and it all has to do with energy-spirit things he calls gyres. His 105-page paper is called “Theory of the Origin, Evolution, and Nature of Life,” and you can download the whole thing for free from the peer-reviewed journal Life. The problem is that even sympathetic readers found the paper incomprehensible and (worse for scientists) untestable.

Photo by James Sugar for National Geographic.

Nevertheless, Case Western decided to send out a press release about the paper to international science news service Eurekalert. In it, they wrote something that sounds a bit like an early script treatment for Avatar:

The earth is alive, asserts a revolutionary scientific theory of life emerging from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. The trans-disciplinary theory demonstrates that purportedly inanimate, non-living objects—for example, planets, water, proteins, and DNA—are animate, that is, alive . . . To test his paradigm, Dr. Andrulis designed bidirectional flow diagrams that both depict and predict the dynamics of energy and matter. While such diagrams may be foreign to some scientists, they are standard reaction notation to chemists, biochemists, and biologists. Dr. Andrulis has used his theory to successfully predict and identify a hidden signature of RNA biogenesis in his laboratory at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. He is now applying the gyromodel to unify and explain the evolution and development of human beings.

As people started pondering that incredibly strange assertion, the story picked up speed. Late last week, journalists began buzzing about the bizarre paper that purported to explain all of life using “gyraxioms.”

In a wry article about Andrulis’ work, Ars Technica‘s John Timmer summed the paper up:

The basic idea is that everything, from subatomic particles to living systems, is based on helical systems the author calls “gyres,” which transform matter, energy, and information. These transformations then determine the properties of various natural systems, living and otherwise. What are these gyres? It’s really hard to say; even Andrulis admits that they’re just “a straightforward and non-mathematical core model” (although he seems to think that’s a good thing). Just about everything can be derived from this core model; the author cites “major phenomena including, but not limited to, quantum gravity, phase transitions of water, why living systems are predominantly CHNOPS (carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur), homochirality of sugars and amino acids, homeoviscous adaptation, triplet code, and DNA mutations.”

Just in case you get confused, Andrulis includes an enormous glossary, including these choice entries:

Alternagyre: A gyrosystem whose gyrapex is not triquantal
Dextragyre: A right-handed gyre or gyromodel
Focagyre: A gyre that is the focal point of analysis or discussion
Gyradaptor: The gyre singularity-a quantum-that exerts all forces on the gyrosystem
Gyrapex: The relativistically high potential, excited, unstable, learning state of a particle
Gyraxiom: A fact, condition, principle, or rule that constrains and defines the theoretical framework
Gyre: The spacetime shape or path of a particle or group of particles; a quantum

Nobody who’s read the paper seems entirely sure whether it’s a hoax, an eccentric intellectual noodle, or an unfortunate symptom of mental illness. But one thing seems certain: It isn’t science.

Case Western quickly took their press release off the medical school website, though you can still see it on Eurekalert. Ivan Oransky wrote about it on Retraction Watch, noting that he’d asked the medical school’s communications officer Liz Lear why they promoted the paper and then deleted all references to it. Lear said:

We have been evaluating our processes regarding media outreach and elected to remove the release from our website while we assess our policies surrounding promotional communications.

So, it sounds like Lear and her colleagues are still just “assessing” the weirdness of Andrulis’ paper too.

This is one of those K-Pax situations, where you’ll always be left wondering if maybe the guy with the funny glint in his eye might have been right about the aliens. Or the gyradaptors. Then again, maybe he was wrong. I’m not sure which is worse.

Because every image you have ever seen of your home solar system has been a complete lie.

You need to get the following into your mind to have any appreciation of where you live:

Go To  The Exploratorium page on the solar system

Punch in 1.68 inches for a golf ball sized SUN!

Notice that the earth will be 15 feet away and the size of a grain of sand.

Then you are free to give thought to the fact that the magnetic field of the sun is diminishing.  And give thought to the fact that our climate is controlled by Jupiter’s pull on the sun from 78 feet away when it is only the diameter of the lead in your pencil………

Some think that the pull is from Neptune, others from Jupiter.  Either way it is mind boggling that the gravitational fields of  the planets or the sun do indeed affect each other when you envision that something the size of the lead in a pencil can affect another object 78 feet away the size of a golf ball.  Then add to that  the fact that we still do not know what creates gravity or how it actually works everyone should realize that the human race still does not know jack about what’s going on around us or how the solar system works.

The Supreme Pundit subscribes to the theory that the planet-sun barycenter effects on the sun are not just correlation but are the cause of the variability in the solar cycle.  And from the data in the following papers  it is very clear that the solar cycle affects the climate and weather on planet earth more than anything else.  (Van Allen belts are a given).

Several papers are now available that explain this very clearly that I would only regurgitate here for you with less clarity and prose….. so you are free to download them here:

The first is the Best!

Are Uranus & Neptune responsible for Solar Grand Minima
and Solar Cycle Modulation?

This is the site where much discussion occurs on this:

Jovian angular momentum and it’s effect on the sun

I have not cranked through all the math on the next one but the text tells the story well enough.

On a Possible Generation Mechanism for the Solar Cycle

Solar Cycle 24-A Game Changer Revisited | Climate Change Sanity.

Denied list ignored….

Not good for any company

e2222.pdf application/pdf Object.

Global Cooling challanged by sophmores?

Students? at Berkley? reported in the Guardian?  Still harping that the planet is going to die if we all don’t kill ourselves.  PaaaLEEEASE! the debate IS over; Global warming is a cult.

We are keeping track of you Warmist fools so we can spot you in interviews later.

Now don’t get me wrong!  I want the global warming folks to be right about the planet getting warmer.  A warmer planet grows more food! A colder planet is drier and grows less food! Additinally if MAN could make it happen we should be making it happen!  But no such luck!  We can no more control the weather or the climate than the output of the sun.  Oh Shit! It’s the Sun is it not?

Drivel can be read here: Global warming study finds no grounds for climate sceptics’ concerns | Environment | The Guardian.

Sunspot and Global Cooling update

This is the most important thing you will read this year.

I have to include the entire article from Sky and Telescope here as a way to record it.  The few folks that follow this blog may know that the Supreme Pundit keeps track of what the sun is doing and is a follower of the data gathering on the gravitational center of the solar system vs. the suns activity.  The information below presented recently is a smoking gun for  global cooling.

So why is the mass media not reporting on this? I know, do you?

Is the Sunspot Cycle About to Stop?
June 14, 2011
by Jay M. Pasachoff and Alan MacRobert

Among the 320 solar physicists who have gathered for a conference in Las Cruces, New Mexico, word is buzzing about a claim that the 11-year solar-activity cycle, which some of them have spent their lives studying, may be on the verge of a drastic change.
At the meeting of the American Astronomical Society’s Solar Physics Division, four scientists affiliated with the National Solar Observatory have posted three papers showing separate evidence that the solar cycle may be about to flatten right out.

In a press conference Tuesday morning (June 14th) they predicted that the current solar Cycle 24, which began about three years ago, will produce only half as many spots as the previous one. And, said Frank Hill of the National Solar Observatory, Cycle 25 “may not actually happen.”

Cycle 24 is predicted to peak in 2013. Cycle 25 would normally be expected to peak around 2024.

Sunspots have fascinated astronomers and the public ever since Galileo and others discovered them in 1613. They proved to come and go in an 11-year cycle, and they later proved to be only the most visible indicator of the Sun’s overall magnetic activity. This activity includes powerful solar flares and coronal mass ejections that bombard Earth and its environs with protons and gusts of solar wind — causing auroras, radiation spikes that can harm satellites, and magnetic turbulence that can wreck electric power systems.

The solar cycle is still full of mysteries. In particular, sunspots disappeared almost completely from about 1645 to 1715, an event known as the Maunder Minimum . Measurements of the carbon-14 that’s created on Earth by cosmic rays (whose arrival is modulated by the Sun’s magnetic field) show that the solar magnetic cycle did continue at a weak level even during the Maunder Minimum of sunspots.

The question on everyone’s lips at the meeting was whether this could be starting to happen again. At the press conference, the researchers explained the three suspicious signs.

1. The Next Jet Stream Is Missing

Frank Hill uses a technique known as solar seismology, or helioseismology , to see what is going on deep inside the Sun. Hill has long noticed a slight variation from the general pattern of the Sun’s rotation at a depth 7,000 km below the surface. This “torsional oscillation” shows up as matching east-west zonal currents, or “jet streams,” in each hemisphere. Sunspots and other surface activity appear above the jet streams. The streams begin each solar cycle at high latitudes and move equatorward until the cycle ends, as illustrated below.

Deep zonal flows
Deep “jet streams” some 7,000 km below the Sun’s surface move from high latitudes (left) toward the equator as each solar cycle progresses. The streams (red) play an important role in generating the surface magnetic field; sunspots and active areas tend to emerge above them.
National Solar Observatory

The streams themselves get going well before surface activity begins. Hill’s data show that the streams for the recently-begun Cycle 24 first appeared (at high latitudes) all the way back in 1997, when the sunspots of Cycle 23 were still getting under way at lower latitudes.

Similarly, now that we’re seeing spots of Cycle 24, solar seismologists should see the startup of the jet streams that will cause Cycle 25. But so far, there is no trace of them in either hemisphere, as shown in the data plot below (see the right-hand corners). They’re three years overdue.

The next jet stream isn’t happening.
The observed latitudes of the deep jet streams (red and yellow) are plotted from year to year. New streams typically form at about 50° latitude (as happened in 1998 for Cycle 24), long before they cause sunspot outbreaks about a decade later. The new jet streams for Cycle 25 should have formed up in 2008 but haven’t started even now; see the right-hand corners. Will Cycle 25 happen at all?
National Solar Observatory

Moreover, the streams for Cycle 24 moved from high to low latitudes more slowly than those one cycle earlier. This slower movement exactly matched, and presumably explains, the surprising delay in the start of the cycle we are now seeing. Hill concludes that with the next high-latitude stream completely absent, the necessary precursors for a new cycle are missing and we may have no next cycle at all, or at least a greatly reduced one.

2. The “Rush to the Poles” Hasn’t Happened

Richard Altrock, a civilian Air Force research scientist at the National Solar Observatory’s Sacramento Peak Observatory, spoke next. He has long observed the solar corona, the Sun’s extremely hot outermost atmosphere, which is shaped by magnetic-field loops rooted in the Sun’s interior.

In the previous three solar cycles, the corona at high latitudes has performed what Altrock calls a “rush to the poles” when each new jet stream has begun forming deep below it. But this time, the event failed to occur.

Normally this phenomenon wipes the Sun clean of the previous cycle’s magnetic traces, allowing the north and south magnetic polarities on the solar surface to switch between each 11-year cycle, as has always happened. (Thus the real solar cycle is about 22 years long, not 11, since only after 22 years are the north and south magnetic poles back where they started). No one has modeled what the Sun will do if this cleanout fails to occur.

3. Sunspot Magnetism Is Steadily Weakening

Lastly, Matthew Penn and William Livingston of the National Solar Observatory showed their measurements of the average magnetic fields in the umbras (dark centers) of sunspots since 1999.

The average magnetic field strength in sunspot umbras has been steadily declining for more than a decade.
National Solar Observatory

Penn and Livingston find that since about 2000, the average field strength has declined from 2,500 or 3,000 gauss to about 2,000 gauss now. They expected Cycle 24’s spots to appear with rejuvenated field strength, but they didn’t. The average magnetic field in the centers of sunspots has continued a more or less unbroken decline, as shown here.

Where the field is less than 1,500 gauss, spots do not appear at all. If the current trend keeps up the Sun would cross this line around 2022, after which its face would be blank.

Effects

If the coming solar maximum is weak and the next one is even weaker, a lot of people will heave a sigh of relief.

“Space weather” experts have been warning that satellites and the power grid are insufficiently hardened against major solar outbursts even as the world grows ever more dependent on high-tech infrastructure (Sky & Telescope, February issue cover story). The three new findings may mean we have less chance of losing crucial satellites or major parts of the power grid in the coming years.

Then there’s the perennial question of whether solar activity affects Earth’s climate. The Maunder Minimum corresponded to the “Little Ice Age” — a global cooling of about 0.2°C on average but as much as 1°C or more in unlucky parts of Europe (Sky & Telescope: March 2009, page 30). So, could a long-duration quiet Sun work against global warming, even if just a little?

Hill said that he is “an agnostic” on whether solar activity can influence temperatures on Earth. “I have not seen enough evidence to know either way,” he said. “But if Cycle 25 does not occur, we will have a splendid opportunity to find that out.”

Penn agreed that it would be an “excellent opportunity” for research. Altrock did not have an opinion on any possible climate effects, nor did Livingston.

Reality Check

Is this radical prediction premature? “They may be right,” says David Hathaway of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center. But he points out that we have only a few cycles or less of the data that the prediction is based upon, and the cycles before the last one were stronger than average. The record of umbral field strengths goes back only about a single cycle. “As for myself, I’m going to wait until we see more of Cycle 24.”

Hill says he finds the evidence “very compelling.” Penn says he looks forward to being able to “study the entry phase into” a Maunder Minimum event if that’s what’s coming. But he and others note that we don’t yet know whether the first signs of Cycle 25 are simply being delayed.

In any case, astronomers will be watching the Sun’s behavior now with a good deal more interest.

Swiped from HERE

Jay Pasachoff is an astronomy professor and Sun specialist at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts

The environmentalists are being exposed as frauds nearly everywhere one looks these days.

So much of the UN IPCC report is now being exposed as outright fraud that we all need to keep track of the “scientists” that perpetrated this fraud to avoid this type of attempt at global slavery again.

Read here that NASA now shows that global warming is simply NOT REAL.

also look at ANOTHER FRAUD EXPOSED…

Polar Bear Researcher Suspended, Under Investigation for ‘Integrity Issues’ – FoxNews.com.

The Huff and Puff post propaganda again.

The huff and puff post is at it again with “climate change”

WTF happened to AGW?

Well since the earth is not warming but is actually being cooled they had to change it to climate change.  Any buffoon that is still actually on this bandwagon is just parading their stupidity and ignorance.

It’s the SUN stupid!

Actually it is the oscillation of the gravitational center of the solar system affecting the magnetic fields in the sun and thus the sunspots and the cosmic rays reaching the earth.

THERE!   ..said in an succinct and germane sentence..

You read it here first.

Climate Change Brings Water Worries To U.S. Cities, NRDC Report.

Well the Chinese have been warned.  You have the MSM that is going to keep you ignorant right up until you are starving.  Hey the Supreme Pundit has been warning about the 30 years of global cooling and the crop failures to come for over two years now.

Get with the program

Global review: A new global food crisis looms.

Well I will have to run this by the co2 is killing us all folks as they do not believe that the sun has anything to do with the earths biosphere at all.

Sun Energy Dip Linked to Earth’s Upper Atmosphere Collapse | Solar cycles, radiation | SPACE.com | Our Amazing Planet.

Doomsday Scenario: Food Prices to Shoot Through the Roof – Pravda.Ru.

Hey I know it’s from Pravda but J.P. Morgan is towing the line with the same story. HERE